Hard bop

Hard bop

The baterista of jazz Art Blakey in concert with The Jazz Messengers to Plougonven in France.
As reaction to the intelectualismo of the bebop, the musicians of the hard bop they claimed the comeback of the jazz to its origins, with special accent in the energy and the spontaneity of the music. The rhythmic element was remaining reinforced, and the alone ones derived from the language of the musicians bebop, acquired more force and vitality, shaping an aggressive and intense music. In fact, the adjective “hard” (five-peseta coin) has in this expression the connotation of “intense”.

Had special influence between the musicians of the East coast, and it is linked especially to the black musicians of the cities of the Great Lakes, like Chicago or Detroit. They, “liked the improvisations deeply, the warm sounds, the phrases of pure angles, the explosive rhythms”. for many authors, the hard bop was a rereading of the bebop “to the advantage of a route that was opened for the pursuit of an uninterrupted tradition in which the deepest roots kept on having an important specific gravity”.

Max Roach was one of the initiators of the movement, along with Art Blakey or Sonny Rollins. There stood out also the saxophonists Cannonball Adderley, Phil Woods, Tina Brooks, Hank Mobley, Joe Henderson, Pepper Adams, Benny Golson or Jackie McLean; the trumpeters Woody Shaw, Lee Morgan, Freddie Hubbard, Donald Byrd, Blue Mitchell, Art Farmer or Clark Terry; the pianists Mal Waldron, Bobby Timmons, Horace Parlan or Duke Pearson; the vocalist Abbey Lincoln; the guitarist Kenny Burrell; the counterbassists Reginald Workman, Paul Chambers and Charles Mingus; the drummer Pete La Roca; or the big bands of Thad Jones or Maynard Ferguson.

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