West Coast jazz
The saxophonist Gerry Mulligan painted the portrait.
In the same epoch, on the Coast West, the evolution of the jazz developed for ways less influenced by the musicians of New York of bebop, straight heirs of Lester Young and of the evolution that they had had big bands like those of Woody Herman, Conrad Gozzo, Stan Kenton or Wardell Gray.
The new style, which would end up by being content like the main line of development of the cool, was impelled especially by musicians like Howard Rumsey, Shorty Rogers or Shelly Manne, and it generated works that had an enormous commercial aftereffect, as it is the case of time Out, of Dave Brubeck and Paul Desmond, who turned on the first jazz disc in selling more than one million copies, thanks to the topic “Take Five”. Also Stan Getz obtained an important commercial success, other of the leaders of the movement cool, that was coming from the bands of Stan Kenton, Benny Goodman y Woody Herman and that the bossa would end up by popularizing nongoes, with its discs West Coast Jazz, Early Autumn and Quartets, while Lee Konitz is considered to be by some critics the quintessence of the musician cool. Gerry Mulligan, other of the main representatives of this current, edited Mulligan Plays Mulligan, Gerry Mulligan Quartet, and Mulligan Quartet ; Art Pepper recorded Discoveries, Art Pepper Quartet, Meets the Rhythm Section and Omega Alpha ; Jimmy Giuffre threw Jimmy Giuffre or Western Suite ; Chet Baker published Flock December, Chet Baker and Strings or Chet Baker Sextet ; Boy Hamilton recorded Spectacular, Quintet In Hi Fi or Mr Jo Jones on Quintet ; Jim Hall, finally, stood out for a clean and calm sound – I joust the antithesis of Charlie Christian – that was anticipating the arrival of a type of softer and relaxed jazz.